333 River Road, Shelton, CT 06484, (203) 924-5656

(203) 924-5656
July 25, 2018
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BUNIONS

 

WHAT CAUSES BUNIONS?

Although they may develop on the fifth little toe, bunions usually occur at the base of the big toe. Bunions are often caused by incorrect foot mechanics. The foot may flatten too much, forcing the toe joint to move beyond normal range. In some cases, joint damage caused by arthritis or an injury produces a bunion. And some people are born with the tendency to develop bunions. If you're at risk of developing a bunion, wearing high-heeled or poorly fitting shoes makes the problem worse.

 

TYPES OF BUNIONS

Positional Bunions

      As the new bone grows, the joint enlarges. This stretches the joint's outer covering. Force created by the stretching pushes the big tow toward the smaller ones. Eventually, the inside tendons tighten, pulling the big toe farther out of alignment.

 

Structural Bunions

     When the angle between the bones of the first and second toes is greater than normal, the big toe slants toward the smaller ones. In severe cases, this may also cause the second and third toes to buckle.

 

HOW ARE BUNIONS TREATED

If a bunion is not painful or severe, your doctor may recommend that you wear a different style of shoes. Or you may be prescribed custom made shoe inserts (orthoses) to control incorrect foot mechanics. For painful or sever bunions, outpatient surgery may be recommended. After surgery you'll soon be on your way home and ready for recovery.

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